تأثیر جامعه‌پذیری سازمانی بر رفتار شهروندی سازمانی کارکنان با درنظر گرفتن نقش میانجی تناسب فرد – محیط

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

 
 هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر جامعه‌پذیری سازمانی بر رفتار شهروندی سازمانی کارکنان با درنظر گرفتن نقش میانجی تناسب فرد محیط در ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان لرستانبود.روش تحقیق توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی است. جامعة آماری پژوهش کلیة کارکنان ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان لرستان به تعداد 147 نفر بود. روش نمونه‌گیری از نوع کل‌شمار بود و حجم نمونۀ آماری برابر با تعداد پرسشنامه‌های دریافتی به تعداد 136 نفر بود. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامة ازدمیر (2015) بود که پس از ترجمه، روایی صوری و محتوایی آن به تأیید یازده نفر از استادان متخصص رسید. روایی سازة آن با تحلیل عاملی تأییدی بررسی و پایایی آن با ضریب آلفای کرونباخ (91/0) تأیید شد. از آمار توصیفی برای دسته‌بندی اطلاعات و ارائة میانگین‌ها و از مدلسازی مسیری – ساختاری در بررسی فرضیه‌های تحقیق استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد جامعه‌پذیری سازمانی بر تناسب فرد - محیط و رفتار شهروندی سازمانی تأثیر معنا‌داری داشت. تناسب فرد - محیط نیز بر رفتار شهروندی سازمانی تأثیر معنا‌دار داشت و در نهایت مدل تحقیق با داده‌ها برازش مناسبی داشت. بر این اساس مدیران ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان لرستان باید با تأکید بر مؤلفه‌های جامعه‌پذیری، امکان ارتقای آن را در کارکنان فراهم سازند. همچنین در استخدام و کارگزینی کارکنان به تناسب فرد با حرفه و نیازهای شغلی توجه کنند تا زمینة افزایش رفتار شهروندی سازمانی در کارکنان ایجاد شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Organizational Socialization on Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Employees with an Emphasis on the Mediating Role of Person – Environment Fit

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Moayed 1
  • Mohamadreza Moeinfard 2
  • Parvin Shooshinasab 3
1 MSc, Sport Management Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Sport Management Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Sport Management Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of organizational socialization on organizational citizenship behavior of employees with an emphasis on the mediating role of person – environment fit in Sport and Youth offices of Lorestan province. The Methodology of the study was descriptive and correlation. The statistical population consisted of all employees of Sport and Youth offices of Lorestan province (N=147). Census sampling method was used and the sample was equal to the collected questionnaires (n=136). Ozdemir (2015) questionnaire was used to collect data. After translation, its face and content validities were confirmed by 11 experts; its construct validity was examined by confirmatory factor analysis and its reliability was calculated by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (0.91). Descriptive statistics were used to categorize the data and to provide means. Route-Structural Modeling was used to test the hypotheses. The result showed that organizational socialization had a significant effect on person – environment fit and organizational citizenship behavior. Person – environment fit had a significant effect on organizational citizenship behavior and finally the research model had a good fit with data. Accordingly, it is recommended that managers of Sport and Youth offices of Lorestan province should emphasize the components of organizational socialization and provide the chance to promote them in their employees. Also, they should pay attention to job needs and person – career fit so that organizational citizenship behavior of employees can increase.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • career information
  • Citizenship Behavior
  • fit
  • Socialization
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