اثر تمرینات ترکیبی در منزل بر ابعاد مختلف کیفیت زندگی جانبازان و ارتباط آن با چاقی شکمی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی ، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 استاد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

چکیده

 
شناخت آسیب‌های ناشی از جنگ و عوامل مؤثر بر کیفیت زندگی در طراحی برنامۀ تمرینی هدفمند نقش کلیدی ایفا می‌کند. هدف از مطالعۀ حاضر اثربخشی تمرینات ترکیبی در منزل بر روی ابعاد مختلف کیفیت زندگی و همچنین ارتباط آن با شاخص‌های چاقی شکمی و عملکردی جانبازان است. به این منظور120 جانباز مازندرانی از مناطق سه‌گانۀ استان با رعایت برخی معیارها، به‌صورت تصادفی به گروه‌های تمرین و کنترل تقسیم شدند. پروتکل تمرین هوازی-مقاومتی به مدت 8 هفته، 6جلسه در هفته با رعایت اصل اضافه‌بار در منزل اجرا شد. کیفیت زندگی از طریق پرسشنامۀ SF36 و شاخص‌های چاقی شکمی (BMI، WHtR، WHR، SBSI، BSA، BAI) و عملکردی (قدرت بالاتنه، پایین‌تنه و VO2peak) با روش‌های استاندارد در ابتدا و انتهای دورۀ تمرینی ارزیابی شد. برای بررسی متغیرهای از آزمون‌های آنوا، t تست و همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد.برنامۀ تمرینی موجب بهبود معنادار شاخص‌های چاقی شکمی و عملکردی آزمودنی‎ها شد (001/0p˂)، اما در مقایسه با گروه کنترل، این تفاوت فقط در مؤلفه‌های عملکرد جسمی، عملکرد اجتماعی و سلامت روحی -روانی کیفیت زندگی و VO2peak معنا‌دار بود (001/0p˂). به‌علاوه، ارتباط معنا‌دار فقط بین مؤلفه‌های تام جسمانی با مقادیر تام و هریک از مؤلفه‌های سلامت روانی دیده شد (001/0p˂). نتایج نشان داد استفاده از تمرینات ترکیبی در منزل به‌ویژه در بخش توانبخشی جانبازان به بهبود ابعاد مختلف کیفیت زندگی، افزایش قدرت عضلانی و بهبود ترکیب بدنی در جانبازان منجر می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Combined Training at Home on Different Dimensions of Veterans’ Quality of Life and Its Relationship with Abdominal Obesity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Rohi 1
  • Valiollah Dabidi Roshan 2
1 PhD Student, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
Recognizing war-related injuries and factors affecting quality of life play a key role in designing a targeted training program. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of combined training at home on different dimensions of quality of life and its relationship with abdominal obesity and functional indices of veterans.120 veterans from three regions of Mazandaran province were randomly divided into training and control groups according to some criteria. The aerobic-resistance training protocol was performed at home for 8 weeks, 6 sessions per week with respect to the principle of overload. Quality of life was evaluated through SF36 questionnaire and abdominal obesity indices (BMI, WHtR, WHR, SBSI, BSA, BAI) and functional indices (upper body strength, lower body strength and VO2peak) were evaluated with standard methods at the beginning and the end of the training period. To analyze the variables, ANOVA, t test and Pearson correlation were used. The training program significantly improved the abdominal obesity and functional indices of the subjects (P<0.001) but this difference was significant only in the components of physical function, social function, mental-spiritual health of the quality of life and VO2peak (P<0.001). In addition, a significant relationship was found only between total physical components and total values and each component of mental health (P<0.001).The results showed that combined training at home particularly in veterans' rehabilitation department improves different dimensions of quality of life, increases muscle strength and improves body composition in veterans.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • body composition
  • Training at Home
  • Veterans
  • Quality of Life
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