نقش استراتژیک تعهد عاطفی در رابطۀ بین سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی و نگه‌داشت منابع انسانی کارکنان وزارت ورزش عراق

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

 
هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی نقش میانجی تعهد عاطفی در رابطۀ بین سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی و نگه‌داشت کارکنان وزارت ورزش عراق است. این پژوهش از نوع تحقیقات همبستگی است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش تمامی کارمندان وزارت ورزش در سال 1397 بودند. برای گزینش نمونۀ آماری با استفاده از روش تصادفی، با توجه به جدول کرجسی و مورگان، 300 نفر از 1286 کارمند انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از سه پرسشنامۀ سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی لوتانز و همکاران (2007)، پرسشنامۀ سنجش تعهد عاطفی آلن و می یر (1991) و نگه‌داشت منابع کینت و همکاران (2009) استفاده شد. روایی (محتوا، همگرا و واگرا) و پایایی (بار عاملی، ضریب پایایی مرکب، ضریب آلفای کرونباخ) پرسشنامه‌ها حاکی از آن بود که ابزارهای اندازه‌گیری از روایی و پایایی خوبی برخوردارند. نتایج حاصل از آزمون فرضیه‌ها به‌وسیلۀ نرم‌افزار SMART-PLS و با استفاده از آمارۀ آزمون t و ضرایب مسیر  (β) نشان داد که سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی بر نگه‌داشت منابع تأثیر معنادار و ضعیف و بر تعهد عاطفی کارکنان وزارت ورزش عراق، تأثیر قوی و معنا‌داری دارد و تعهد عاطفی می‌تواند نقش میانجی‌گری را در رابطۀ بین سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی و نگه‌داشت کارکنان ایفا کند. در نهایت با توجه به نتایج این پژوهش می‌توان گفت که در وزارت ورزش عراق نیاز به تقویت سرمایۀ روان‌شناختی مدیران و کارکنان وجود دارد تا بتوان برای پیشبرد اهداف و نگهداری کارکنان به موفقیت رسید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Strategic Role of Emotional Commitment in the Relationship between Psychological Capital and HR Retention of Employees of Ministry of Sport in Iraq

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yahya Mashluol Karar Alsankour 1
  • Shirin Zardoshtian 2
1 Master student, sport management Department, Physical education Faculty, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Asisstant Professor,Sport management Department, Physical education Faculty, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this study was to examine the mediating role of emotional commitment in the relationship between psychological capital and retention in employees of Sport Ministry of Iraq. This study was of a correlation nature. The population included all employees of Sport Ministry in 2018. 300 subjects were randomly selected as the sample from 1286 employees according to Krejcie and Morgan table. For data collection, psychological capital questionnaire of Luthans et al. (2007), emotional commitment questionnaire of Allen and Meyer (1991) and employee retention of Kyndt et al. (2009) were used. The validity (content, convergent and divergent) and reliability (load factor, composite reliability coefficient, Cronbach's alpha coefficient) of the questionnaires indicated that they had acceptable reliability and validity. The results of testing hypotheses by SMART-PLS software and t test and path coefficients (β) showed that psychological capital had a weak and significant effect on the employee retention and strong and strong effect on emotional commitment of employees in Sport Ministry in Iraq. Emotional commitment can play a mediating role in the relationship between psychological capital and employee retention. Finally, according to these results, it can be stated that Sport Ministry of Iraq needs to strengthen psychological capital of its managers and employees so that it can succeed in advancing the objectives and retaining the employees.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional Commitment
  • psychological capital
  • Employee Retention
  • Sport Ministry
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