بررسی نقش بار کاری بر بروز فرسودگی در بین روزنامه‌نگاران ورزشی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه تهرن

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران

3 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

 
پژوهش حاضر به‌منظور بررسی وضعیت فرسودگی در بین روزنامه‌نگاران ورزشی کشور و همچنین مطالعۀ نقش بار کاری بر روی بروز فرسودگی شغلی انجام پذیرفت. روش پژوهش حاضر توصیفی و از نوع پیمایشی بود که به‌صورت میدانی انجام پذیرفت. این مطالعه در زمستان 1396، و در بین جامعۀ روزنامه‌نگاران ورزشی شامل نویسندگان، کارمندان دفتری، ویراستاران و عکاسان ورزشی صورت پذیرفت. به منظور جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، از ابزار پرسشنامه استفاده شد. در این پژوهش از نسخۀ عمومی فرسودگی شغلی ماسلاش (MBI-GS) و دو زیرمقیاس اصلی این ابزار یعنی فرسودگی عاطفی و بدبینی برای سنجش فرسودگی روزنامه‌نگاران ورزشی استفاده شد. همچنین برای سنجش بار کاری روزنامه‌نگاران ورزشی، از پرسشنامۀ لیو و لو (2018)، استفاده شد. به‌منظور سنجش پایایی ابزار پژوهش از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد که برای پرسشنامۀ فرسودگی 85/0 و برای پرسشنامۀ بار کاری 89/0 به‌دست آمد. به‌علاوه، روایی ابزار مورد استفاده در پژوهش نیز توسط پنج تن از استادان مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تأیید شد. در نهایت، تجزیه وتحلیل اطلاعات با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌های برگشت‌‌داده‌شده (287 پرسشنامه)، با بهره‌گیری از نسخۀ 22 نرم‌افزار SPSS و Lisrel 8.50 صورت پذیرفت. نتایج نشان داد که روزنامه‌نگاران ورزشی کشور به لحاظ فرسودگی در سطح متوسطی قرار دارند و در بین روزنامه‌نگاران، ویراستاران دارای فرسودگی بالاتری هستند. همچنین بار کاری تأثیر مثبت و مستقیمی بر فرسودگی عاطفی داشت، اما تأثیر معنا‌داری بر بدبینی نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Role of Workload in Sport Journalists’ Burnout

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Safarpour 1
  • Ebrahim Alidoust 2
  • fereshteh ghasemi 3
1 ph.d student of sport management/Tehran University
2 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Management, University of Tehran
3 M.sc University of tehran
چکیده [English]

 
The present study was conducted to investigate burnout condition among Iranian sport journalists and to study the role of workload on job burnout. The method of this study was a descriptive survey which was carried out as a field. The study was conducted in the winter of 2018 among the population of sport journalists including writers, office staff, editors and sport photographers. Questionnaires were used to collect data: the general version of Maslach's Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS) and its two main subscales of emotional burnout and cynicism were used to measure the burnout of sport journalists. Also, Liu and Lu (2018) questionnaire was used to measure the workload of sport journalists. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to measure the reliability of the questionnaires: for burnout questionnaire (0.85) and for workload questionnaire (0.89). In addition, the validity of the instruments used in the study was confirmed by 5 sport management professors. Finally, data were analyzed using the completed questionnaires (287 questionnaires) with SPSS version 22 and Lisrel 8.50. The results of the study showed that Iranian sport journalists had moderate burnout. Also, editors felt higher levels of burnout among journalists. Finally, workload had a positive and direct effect on emotional burnout, but this effect was not significant on cynicism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Workload
  • cynicism
  • Journalists
  • burnout
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