تحریم و ورزش: تحلیل اثرگذاری تحریم بر ورزش ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری مدیریت ورزشی،واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
تحریم‌های اقتصادی به معنای اقدامات غیرنظامی است که بر انتقال کالا، خدمات یا سرمایه به یک کشور خاص تأثیری نامطلوب
می‌گذارد. ورزش در این رهگذر از این قاعده در کشور عزیزمان مستثنا نبوده و تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی آثار تحریم‌ها بر ورزش ایران تدوین شده است. روش تحقیق آمیخته بوده و به شکل میدانی صورت گرفته است. نمونه‌های این تحقیق شامل متخصصان و صاحب‌نظران حوزۀ مدیریت و ورزش در دو بخش و کیفی و کمی بود (92 n=). برای گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه‌های محقق‌ساخته استفاده شد که روایی و پایایی آن به تأیید رسید. از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی در نرم‌افزار Spss و تحلیل عاملی تأییدی در نرم‌افزار Amos نسخۀ 22 استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق، پنج عامل مهم منتج از تحریم در ورزش را نشان می‌دهد که شامل مشکلات پولی و مالی، دانش و فناوری، تعاملات بین‌المللی، بازاریابی و اقتصادی است. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نیز نشان از روایی سازۀ ابزار تحقیق دارد. بر مبنای نتایج به‌دست‌آمده بدیهی است مسئولان برای توسعه در بخش ورزش راهی جز توجه ویژه به راهکارهای ارائه‌شده در بخش‌های اقتصادی، تعاملات، توجه به تولید و خصوصی‌سازی به‌خصوص توجه به زیرساخت‌های اقتصادی و درآمدزا در بخش ورزش ندارند و این امر می‌تواند کلیدی راهگشا در این زمینه باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sanctions and Sport: Analysis of the Effect of Sanctions on Iran Sport

نویسندگان [English]

  • mostafa afshari 1
  • Mohsen Esmaeili 1
  • Maryam Rahmani 2
  • Fahimeh Mohammad Hasan 2
1 Sport management department, Sport management research center, sport sciences research institute, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD of Sport Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
Economic sanctions mean civilian actions that have undesirable effects on transfer of goods, services or capital to a particular country. Sport is also not an exception in Iran. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of sanctions on Iran sport. This was a field study using a mixed method. The sample included the experts of management and sport (n=92) in qualitative and quantitative phases. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data and its validity and reliability were confirmed. The exploratory factor analysis in SPSS software and confirmatory factor analysis in Amos22 software were used. The results indicated 5 significant factors resulting from sanctions in sport including financial problems, knowledge and technology, international interactions, marketing and economics. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed the construct validity of the questionnaire. Based on the obtained results, it is obvious that authorities should pay special attention to solutions offered in economic sectors, interactions, attention to production and privatization especially the economic and income-generating infrastructures in the sport sector in order to develop sport which could be the key to tackling this issue.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • economic problems
  • knowledge and technology sanctions
  • lack of international interactions
  • Sanction
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