تأثیر تمرینات هوازی همراه با مصرف عصارۀ مریم‌گلی بر تغییرات علائم سندروم پیش از قاعدگی در زنان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی کاربردی، واحد شهر قدس،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد شهر قدس،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
سندروم پیش از قاعدگی از مشکلات شایع بانوان در سنین باروری است که بر عملکرد فرد در خانواده و اجتماع تأثیر می‌گذارد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر مطالعۀ 8 هفته تمرینات هوازی به‌همراه مصرف عصارۀ مریم‌گلی بر تغییرات علائم سندروم پیش از قاعدگی در زنان غیرفعال بود.
این تحقیق از نوع کارآزمایی میدانی با چهار گروه پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون بود. 40 نفر از دانشجویان دختر 18-35 سالۀ دانشگاه آزاد شهر قدس بودند که از طریق پرسشنامۀ تشخیص سندروم پیش از قاعدگی زیر نظر پزشک متخصص زنان و زایمان، شناسایی شدند و همچنین سایر معیارهای ورود به مطالعه را داشتند، انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی به چهار گروه (تمرین، تمرین+مریم‌گلی، مریم‌گلی و دارونما) تقسیم شدند. گروه‌های تمرین به مدت 8 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه به تمرینات هوازی پرداختند. گروه‌های مصرف‌کنندۀدارو از روز 21 سیکل قاعدگی تا روز 5 سیکل قاعدگی بعدی روزانه یک کپسول 500 میلی‌گرمی عصارۀ مریم‌گلی یا دارونما مصرف کردند. داده‌ها از طریق پرسشنامۀ pms جمع‌آوری و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری spss (نسخۀ 23) و آزمون آنالیز واریانس یکطرفه و تست تعقیبی توکی محاسبه شد (05/0P≤)
علائم خلقی سه گروه ورزش، ورزش+مریم‌گلی و مریم‌گلی نسبت به گروه دارونما کاهش معناداری نشان داد، ولی بین آنها تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد. تمرین، تمرین+مریم‌گلی و مریم‌گلی، اثر معنا‌داری بر بهبود علائم خلقی داشتند (001/0P=). تمرین و تمرین+مریم‌گلی موجب کاهش معنا‌دار در علائم جسمانی ناشی از سندروم پیش از قاعدگی شدند (05/0P<). همچنین بهبود علائم رفتاری ناشی از سندروم پیش از قاعدگی تنها در گروه تمرین و تمرین+ مریم‌گلی مشاهده شد (05/0P<).
تمرینات هوازی به‌همراه مصرف عصارۀ مریم‌گلی علائم سندروم پیش از قاعدگی را کاهش می‌دهد، اما عصارۀ مریم‌گلی به‌تنهایی فقط به بهبود معنا‌دار در علائم خلقی منجر شد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Aerobic Exercise Combined with Salvia Officinalis Extract on The Changes of Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms in Inactive Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • roghayeh shirdel 1
  • Shahram Soheili 2
  • Heshmatollah Parsian 2
1 Master of Applied Physiology, Department of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, Qods Branch
2 Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Azad University, Qods Branch
چکیده [English]

 
Premenstrual syndrome is one of the most common problems in women of childbearing age that affects one's functioning in the family and society. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise with salvia officinalis extract on the changes of premenstrual syndrome symptoms in inactive women.
This study was a field trial with 4 pre-test and post-test groups. 40 female students, aged 18-35 years, from Quds Azad University, who were identified through a premenstrual syndrome diagnostic questionnaire under the supervision of a physician, gynecologist, and met other inclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into four groups ( Exercise, Exercise + Salvia, Salvia, and Placebo were divided. Exercise groups performed aerobic exercises for 8 weeks and three sessions per week. Drug groups received a 500 mg capsule of sage extract or placebo daily from day 21 of menstruation to day 5 of the next menstrual cycle. Data were collected by PMS questionnaire and were analyzed by SPSS software (version 23) and one-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test (p≤0.05).
 There was a significant decrease in mood symptoms in the three groups of exercise, Exercise + salty and salty compared to the placebo group, but no significant difference was observed between them. (P = 0.001). Exercise and saliva + exercise significantly decreased the physical symptoms of PMS (p <0.05). Also, improvement of behavioral symptoms of PMS was observed only in the Exercise + Exercise + group (p <0.05).
Aerobic exercise combined with salvia officinalis extract reduces symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, but salvia officinalis extract alone resulted in significant improvement in mood.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aerobic Exercises
  • Inactive women
  • Premenstrual syndrome
  • Sage Extract
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