اثر هشت هفته تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا (HIIT) بر مقادیر پلاسمایی آدیپونکتین، انسولین، مقاومت به انسولین و گلوکز در مردان جوان دارای اضافه‌وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، ایران

3 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه کاشان، ایران

چکیده

 
آدیپونکتین، یک سیتوکین مترشحه از بافت چربی است که در پاتوژنز چاقی و مقاومت به انسولین نقش دارد. هدف از مطالعۀ حاضر، بررسی اثر 8 هفته تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا بر مقادیر پلاسمایی آدیپونکتین، انسولین، مقاومت به انسولین و گلوکز در مردان جوان دارای اضافه وزن بود. در این مطالعۀ نیمه‌تجربی، 20 نفر از مردان دارای اضافه وزن با میانگین سن 32/1±95/22سال و شاخص تودۀ بدنی بین 25 تا 30 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع به‌صورت هدفمند انتخاب شدند و به‌طور تصادفی، در دو گروه تجربی و کنترل قرار گرفتند. گروه تجربی در یک برنامۀ تمرینی تناوبی با شدت بالا، به مدت 8 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه با شدت بالای 90 درصد ضربان قلب بیشینه به تمرین پرداختند. متغیرهای تحقیق، قبل و پس از تمرین اندازه‌گیری شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون t وابسته و تحلیل کوواریانس در سطح 05/0p < تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد 8 هفته تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا موجب افزایش معنادار سطح سرمی آدیپونکتین پلاسما (03/0= P، 47/88=F) و کاهش معنادار انسولین (004/0= P، 38/48=F)، مقاومت به انسولین (001/0= P، 08/61=F)، گلوکز (027/0= P، 33/58=F)، شاخص تودۀ بدنی (04/0= P، 12/75=F)، وزن بدن (02/0= P، 09/56=F) و درصد چربی ‌بدن (001/0= P، 03/50=F)، در گروه تجربی می‌شود (05/0≥P). اما در میزان نسبت دور کمر به لگن (073/0= P، 79/1=F)،کاهش معناداری به‌دست نیامد. به‌نظر می‌رسد 8 هفته تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا، به‌عنوان روش غیرتهاجمی و غیردارویی، می‌تواند اثر مثبتی بر افزایش میزان آدیپونکتین، کاهش برخی از شاخص‌های گلایسیمیک و آنتروپومتریک مرتبط با چاقی و اضافه وزن داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of 8-weeks High Intensity Interval Training on Adiponectin Plasma Level, Insulin, Insulin Resistance and Glucose in Overweight Young Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad ebrahim Bahram 1
  • Ameneh Pourrahim Ghouroghch 2
  • mohammad javad pourvaghar 3
  • hamed Ghyiami taklimi 1
1 PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology. Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
Adiponectin, a cytokine secreted from adipose tissue, is involved in the pathogenesis of obesity and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of interval training with high intensity on the levels of plasma adiponectin, insulin, insulin resistance, and glucose in overweight young men. This study has a semi-experimental design, subjects were 20 overweight young men with Average age (22.95 ± 1.32) and BMI between 25 to 30 kg/m2 that purposefully selected and randomly assigned into two groups of experimental and control groups. The experimental group performed an aerobic exercise program for 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week, with 90% percent of the maximum heart beat. Research variables were measured before and after exercise. The Data were analyzed by the dependent t - test and covariance analysis at p < 0.05. The result indicated that 8 weeks of intensive interval training led to the increase of serum adiponectin level (F=88.47, P=0.03) and a Significant decrease in Insulin (F=48.38, P=0.004), insulin resistance (F=61.08, P=0.001), glucose (F=58.33, P=0.027), body mass index (F=75.12 , P=0.04),  body weight (F=56.09 , P=0.02), and body fat percent (F=50.03, P=0.001) (p < 0.05). But no significant difference was observed (F=1.79, P=0.073) in the waist to hip ratio. It seems that 8 weeks of high interval training as a non-invasive treatment can increase adiponectin levels while Reduce some glycemic and anthropometric indexes related to obesity or overweight.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adiponectin
  • HIIT
  • insulin resistance
  • Overweight
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(In Persian)