شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی معیارهای اخلاقی مربیان کشتی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی تربیت بدنی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

 
رعایت اصول و کدهای اخلاقی در ورزش امری ضروری است که می‌تواند از بسیاری ناهنجاری‌های اخلاقی در محیط‌های ورزشی جلوگیری کند. بدین‌منظور پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی، به بررسی و اولویت‌بندی معیارهای مورد نیاز اخلاقی مربیان کشتی ایران می‌پردازد. پژوهش حاضر ترکیبی از روش‌های کمی و کیفی است که ابتدا به‌منظور شناسایی معیارهای اخلاقی با مرور ادبیات مربوط به اخلاق ورزشی از فدراسیون‌های ورزشی معتبر و انجمن‌های مربیان ورزشی کشورهای مختلف مورد بررسی اکتشافی قرار گرفت. داده‌های مراحل بعدی از طریق مصاحبه با افراد متخصص تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری و همچنین بررسی پیمایشی استخراج شد. مراحل تحلیل نیز به‌ترتیب شامل تحلیل محتوای مصاحبه‌ها، شاخص لاوشه، تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و تکنیک آنتروپی است که در هر مرحله معیارها بررسی و تلخیص می‌شدند. نتایج نشان داد براساس دیدگاه مدیران، مربیان، داوران، کارشناسان و کشتی‌گیران، لزوم رعایت معیارهای اخلاقی در محیط مسابقات (با وزن 363/0) در اولویت اول اهمیت قرار دارد. پس از آن نیز لزوم رعایت معیارهای اخلاقی در محیط اجتماعی (با وزن 229/0) در رتبۀ دوم، لزوم رعایت معیارهای اخلاقی در محیط تمرین (با وزن 207/0) در رتبۀ سوم اهمیت و در نهایت لزوم رعایت معیارهای اخلاقی در محیط خانوادگی (با وزن 199/0) در رتبۀ چهارم اهمیت قرار دارند. پیشنهاد می‌شود وزارت ورزش و جوانان و فدراسیون کشتی جمهوری اسلامی ایران معیارهای شناسایی‌شده را در تدوین نظام‌نامۀ اخلاقی مربیان کشتی ایران به‌کار بندند و از طریق انستیتو بین‌المللی کشتی که وظیفۀ آموزش مربیان را دارد، معیارهای اخلاقی را به مربیان سراسر کشور آموزش دهند تا مربیان با وظایف اخلاقی خود آشنا شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Identification and Prioritization of Ethical Criteria for Iranian Wrestling Coaches

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Khodaee 1
  • Mahmoud Goodarzi 2
  • majid jalali 3
  • Hassan Asadi 2
1 PhD Student of Physical Education Management and Planning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran
2 Professor, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

 
It is necessary to respect ethical codes and principles in sport and this fact can prevent many ethical abnormalities in sport fields. Thus, the present study aimed at identifying, analyzing, and prioritizing ethical criteria necessary for Iranian wrestling coaches. The present study used a kind of mixed method (qualitative and quantitative research methods). Firstly, there was an exploratory review of literature of ethics in sport in reliable sport federations and the associations of sport coaches in different countries to identify ethical criteria. In the second phase, data were collected by interviews with experts until theoretical saturation. The third phase was conducted by a survey. Data were analyzed using content analysis of interviews, Lawshe index, confirmatory factor analysis, and entropy technique. In each phase, the criteria were examined and summarized. The results showed that according to the viewpoints of managers, coaches, referees, experts, and wrestlers, ethical consideration in matches was the first priority (weight: 0.363). Ethical consideration in social environment was the second priority (weight: 0.229), ethical consideration in exercise was the third priority (weight: 0.207), and finally ethical consideration in family was the fourth priority (weight: 0.199). It is suggested that Ministry of Sport and Youth and Wrestling Federation of I.R.I should use these identified criteria to codify ethical constitution for Iranian wrestling coaches. They should also teach these ethical criteria to coaches all around the country with a help from Wrestling International Institute that has the mission to educate coaches so that coaches can recognize their ethical responsibilities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entropy
  • Ethical codes
  • Factor analysis
  • Prioritization
  • sport ethics
  • wrestling coaches
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