شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت مداوم سالمندان در فعالیت‌های بدنی اوقات فراغت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
هدف از پژوهش حاضر شناسایی و تدوین عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت مداوم سالمندان به فعالیت‌های بدنی اوقات فراغت و ارائۀ الگو بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش متخصصان مدیریت ورزشی و مسئولان ورزش همگانی و اوقات فراغت و همچنین متخصصانی که در زمینه‌های اوقات فراغت در سالمندان پژوهش فعالیت علمی داشتند، بودند. برای انتخاب نمونه‌های مصاحبه از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و به‌طور مشخص از تکنیک گلوله‌برفی استفاده شد. در روش گلوله‌برفی از قبل تعداد افرادی که باید در پژوهش و مصاحبه شرکت کنند، مشخص می‌شود. در این پژوهش، 20 مصاحبه از 18 نفر صورت گرفت. از ابزار مصاحبه برای جمع‌آوری دیدگاه‌های خبرگان علمی و اجرایی استفاده شد و نتایج نشان داد که به‌ترتیب عوامل شخصی، عوامل ساختاری، عوامل امکانات، عوامل فرهنگی- اجتماعی و اقتصادی از مهم‌ترین عوامل تأثیرگذار بر اوقات فراغت سالمندان ایران هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Identification of Factors Affecting the Continuous Participation of the Elderly in Physical Activities of Leisure Time

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hasan Ghamati 1
  • Mohammad Ehsani 2
  • Hashem Kuzechian 2
  • Marjan Saffari 3
1 Ph.D. Student in Sport Management, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Sport Management, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this study was to identify and design factors affecting the continuous participation of the elderly in physical activities of leisure time and to provide a model. The statistical population consisted of sport management specialists, authorities of sport for all and leisure time and experts who had research in leisure activities in the elderly. To select interview samples, purposive sampling method and specifically snowball technique were used. In the snowball method, the number of subjects who must participate in the research and interviews is already determined. In this study, 20 interviews were conducted for 18 subjects. Interview was used to collect the viewpoints of the scientific and executive experts. The results showed that personal factors, structural factors, facilities factors and sociocultural and economic factors were the most important ones affecting the leisure time of the elderly in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • physical activity
  • Sociocultural Factors
  • structural factors
  • The elderly
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