مدل‌یابی الگوی توسعة ارزش‌های اخلاقی فضیلت‌گرا در ورزش قهرمانی ایران براساس ارزش‌های اخلاقی گفتمانی و نتیجه‌گرایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه جامعه‌شناسی ورزش، دانشکدة علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه جامعه‌شناسی ورزش، دانشکدة علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکدة مدیریت، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
در دنیای امروز، ورزش در ابعاد قهرمانی و حرفه‌ای به اخلاقیات جدید نیاز دارد، تا براساس آن زمینة سنجش و ارزیابی رفتارهای ورزشی فراهم آید. این پژوهش تدوین توسعة ارزش‌های اخلاقی را با دلالت‌هایی بر سازه‌گرایی و عقلانیت ارتباطی الگوسازی کرد. پس از تأیید روایی محتوایی و ساختاری، پایایی ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات با روش آلفای کرونباخ 89/0 α=تأیید شد. روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند قضاوتی بود که با استفاده از جدول مورگان150نخبه و صاحب‌نظر در حوزة اخلاق و ورزش قهرمانی به‌دست آمد. الگوی مفهومی پژوهش با استفاده از روش الگوسازی معادلات ساختاری با رویکرد کمترین مربعات جزئی و نرم‌افزارPLS  Smart بررسی شد. الگوی توسعة ارزش‌های اخلاقی طبق تئوری کنش ارتباطی هابرماس در قالب سه عامل اصلی: ارزش‌های اخلاق گفتمانی، ارزش‌های اخلاق نتیجه‌گرا و ارزش‌های اخلاق فضیلت‌گرا و 35 معیار مرتبط تدوین شده است. ضرایب بتای استانداردشدة رگرسیون PLS نقش واسط قوی و کامل اخلاق نتیجه‌گرایی در رابطة بین اخلاق گفتمانی و اخلاق فضیلت‌گرایی را نشان داد. مقادیر p برای متوسط ضریب مسیر و متوسط ضریب تعیین، کمتر از 05/0 و متوسط عامل تورم واریانس، کمتر از 5 است که نشان‌دهندة برازش مطلوب الگوی تدوین‌شده است. ازاین‌رو توسعة ارزش‌های اخلاق فضیلت‌گرایی از برایند حوزه‌های فرهنگی اقتصادی است و تحت تأثیر اخلاق گفتمانی و نقش واسط اخلاق نتیجه‌گرایی حاصل می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing a Model for the Development of Virtuosity Moral Values in the Iranian Championship Sport Based on Discourse and Consequential Moral Values

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marjan Amirimoghadam 1
  • Bahram Ghadimi 2
  • Zahra Alipordarvishi 3
1 PhD Student, Department of Sociology of Sport, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology of Sport, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of management, Faculty of management, North Tehran Branch , Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
In today's world, championship and professional sports require new ethics in order to provide a basis for assessing and evaluating sport behaviors. The present study was designed to develop a model for the development of moral values with implications for constructivism and instrumental rationality. Firstly, content and structural validity were confirmed; then, the reliability of the data collection tool was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (α = 0.89). The sampling method was purposive judgmental obtained by Morgan table for 150 elites in the field of ethics and championship sport. The conceptual model of the study was investigated by structural equation modeling method with partial least squares approach and the Smart PLS software. The model for the development of moral values was formulated according to Habermas's Theory of Communication in the three main factors: discourse moral values, consequential moral values, and virtuosity moral values and 35 relevant criteria. Standardized beta coefficients of PLS regression showed a strong and complete mediating role of the consequential ethics in the relationship between the discourse and virtuosity ethics. The values of P for the mean path coefficient and the mean coefficient of determination were less than 0.05 and the mean factor of inflation variance was less than 5, which indicated the good fit of the developed model. Hence, the development of virtuosity moral values is emerging from the economic-cultural domains and is achieved under the influence of discourse ethics and the mediating role of the consequential ethics.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • championship sport
  • Communication Action
  • consequential moral values
  • discourse moral values
  • virtuosity moral values
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