شناسایی موانع تأمین مالی در ورزش حرفه‌ای ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران،ایران

3 استاد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
هدف از پژوهش حاضر، شناسایی موانع تأمین مالی در ورزش حرفه‌ای کشور بود. روش پژوهش کیفی و با رویکرد پدیدارشناسی بود و اطلاعات مورد نیاز با استفاده از مطالعات اسنادی و مصاحبۀ نیمه‌ساخت‌یافته با خبرگان به‌دست آمد. جامعة آماری پژوهش استادان دانشگاهی متخصص در زمینه‌های مدیریت ورزشی، اقتصاد و کارآفرینی، مدیران ارشد و متصدیان ورزش حرفه‌ای ایران و مدیران ارشد شرکت‌ها و صندوق‌های تأمین سرمایه بودند. روش نمونه‌گیری غیرتصادفی و هدفمند بود و مصاحبه با خبرگان تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری ادامه یافت (20 مصاحبه). در پایان،10 مانع تأمین مالی ورزش حرفه‌ای به شرح زیر شناسایی شد: اقتصاد ناکارامد، چالش‌های مالی، چالش‌های مدیریتی، چالش‌های حقوقی و قانونی، فقدان شفافیت، دولتی بودن، سیاست‌زدگی، فساد، چالش‌های نگرشی و دانشی شناسایی. این موانع در قالب دو مقولۀ اصلی موانع عملکردی و موانع بنیادی دسته‌بندی شدند. با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش، می‌توان با برنامه‌ریزی و اقدام برای رفع موانع مذکور شرایط تحقق مدل مطلوب تأمین مالی در ورزش حرفه‌ای ایران را فراهم آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Financing Barriers in Iran's Professional Sports

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Ghafouri 1
  • Ebrahim Alidoust 2
  • Mohammad Khabiri 2
  • Nasrollah Sajjadi 3
1 Ph.D. Sport Management Department, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran,
2 Associate Professor in Sport Management of University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran,
3 Professor, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to identify the financial barriers in professional sports. The methodology of this research was qualitative with the phenomenological approach and the required information was obtained, using documentary studies and semi-structured interviews. The statistical population was university professors with specialization in sports management, economics, and entrepreneurship, the sport's senior managers and career professionals, and senior managers of corporations and investment funds. The sampling method was non-random and purposeful. We continued interviews with experts to reach the theoretical saturation (20 interviews). Finally, 10 financing barriers were identified, as follows: inefficient economies, financial challenges, management challenges, legal & regulatory challenges, lack of transparency, statehood, Apolitisme, corruption, and challenges of attitudes and knowledge. We categorized the barriers in two main categories: functional barriers and fundamental barriers. According to the findings, it is possible to develop a desirable financing model for Iran's professional sport through planning and action in order to overcome these barriers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Capital Market
  • Crowdfunding
  • Finance
  • Professional Sport
  • qualitative research
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