شناسایی و تحلیل آسیب‌های ساختاری مربیان لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه فردوسی، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی دانشگاه فردوسی ، مشهد، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی دانشگاه فردوسی ، مشهد، ایران.

4 دانشیار، دانشکده ریاضی دانشگاه فردوسی ، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

 
هدف از این تحقیق شناسایی و تحلیل آسیب‌های ساختاری مربیان لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران بود. پژوهش حاضر از نوع تحقیقات توصیفی- پیمایشی است که به شیوۀ کیفی و کمی ( آمیخته) انجام گرفته است. برای دستیابی به اهداف پژوهش ابتدا با روش کیفی (دلفی) گزاره‌های مرتبط با آسیب‌های ساختاری فوتبال ایران استخراج و سپس در بخش کمی با استفاده از پرسشنامۀ محقق‌ساختۀ مدل معادلات ساختاری آسیب‌های ساختاری مربیان لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران آزمون شد. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش در بخش کیفی از میان مربیان باسابقۀ خبرۀ فوتبال ایران، پیشکسوتان و متخصصان حوزۀ مدیریت ورزشی آشنا با مفاهیم فوتبال به تعداد 26 نفر بودند. مربیان لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران به تعداد 220 نفر نمونۀ نهایی تحقیق در بخش کمی نیز بود. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها در بخش کمی از آمار توصیفی و از آمار استنباطی در سطح معناداری 05/0 استفاده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکی از استخراج آسیب‌های ساختاری در شش بخش کمیتۀ آموزش، مدیریت فدراسیون فوتبال، باشگاه‌ها، هیأت فوتبال، سازمان لیگ و در نهایت اتحادیه‌ها و کانون‌های مرتبط با مربیان بود. به‌طور کلی شفافیت وظایف و تکالیف، ارزیابی عملکرد مربیان، برنامه‌ریزی در جهت جذب، حفظ و ارتقای مربیان و مسائلی دیگر از جمله آسیب‌هایی است که عملکرد مربیان را به‌طور مستقیم تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد، که باید هرچه سریع‌تر مدیران و مسئولان باشگاه‌ها در جهت جلوگیری و برون‌رفت از این مشکلات، گام‌های اساسی بردارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and Analysis of Structural Pathology of Iran’s soccer premier league coaches

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kianoosh Shajie 1
  • Mahdi Talebpoor 2
  • Seyad Morteza Azimzadeh 3
  • Mohammad Kashtidar 2
  • Hadi Jabbari Nooghabi 4
1 PhD Student Sport Management Department, Faculty of sport sciences, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of sport sciences, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of sport sciences, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Statistics Faculty of Mathematics, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this research was to Identify and analyze of structural pathologies of Iran’s soccer premier league coaches. Current research was the descriptive kind of survey which has been conducted in quantitative and qualitative method. To obtain the goals of the research at first, with the use of qualitative approach, the comments relevant to structural pathologies of Iran’s soccer were extracted and then in quantitative section, structural equations model of Iran’s soccer premier league coaches’ were tested through the use of the researcher-made questionnaire. The statistical population of this research in the qualitative section included some coaches among Iran’s experienced expert ones, deans and specialists in sports management area familiar with soccer concepts (N=26). The number of 220 Iran’s soccer premier league coaches was the final sample of the research in part of quantitative survey. In order to analyze the data in quantitative section, descriptive statistics along with inferential statistics in the meaningful level of 0.05 was used. The findings in this research indicated the extraction of structural pathologies in six parts of the training committee, soccer federation management, clubs, soccer association, the league organization and at last unions and centers related to the coaches On the whole, the transparency of obligations and responsibilities, evaluating the function of coaches, scheduling to absorb, maintaining and promoting the coaches and other issues include pathologies which affect coaches’ activities directly that managers and people in charge of clubs should take fundamental steps towards preventing problems and removing them soon.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • coaches
  • premier league
  • Structural Pathology
  • Three-Branch Model
  1. ManouchevariNejad M, Razavi SMH, Sadat Hossaini HS. The Pathology of Football in Iran: With a Specific View on Ethical Issues. In: nternational Congress on Science and Societies. 2014.( in Persian)
  2. Giulianotti R, Robertson R. The globalization of football : a study in the glocalization of the ‘ serious life .’ 2004;55(4).
  3. Andrews M, Harrington P. Working Papers. 2016;(311).
  4. Eyipour, K, Ashrafkhazei A, Aryan E, Gholami S. Challenges and barriers to the development of football in the West Countryle. Organ Behav Manag Sport Stud. 2015;2(5):51–8. ( in Persian)
  5. Jalilian HR, Khabiri M. Describe the status of Iran’s Football Premier League clubs and its comparison with China, Malaysia and the United Kingdom. (motion Sci Sport. 2006;1(5):41–54. ( in Persian)
  6. Hadavi SF, Tondnevis F, Soltani M. The Effect of Stability and its Factors on Team Success in Iran Football Premier League Clubs. Sport Manag Stud. 2015;24:175–88. ( in Persian)
  7. Banwell J, Kerr G. Coaches ’ Perspectives on their Roles in Facilitating the Personal Development of. 2016;46(1):1–18.
  8. Hollembeak J, Amorose AJ. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology Perceived Coaching Behaviors and College Athletes ’ Intrinsic Motivation : A Test of Self-Determination Theory. 2007;(November 2014):37–41.
  9. Bahramzadeh HA, Amiri H, Ghadiri R. Pathology of Human Resource Management in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences based on three-part model,. ournal Educ Psychol. 2015;2(22):59–82. ( in Persian)
  10. Keshavarz MH, Hamidi M, Goodarzi M, Alidoust E. The comparison of pathological components of organizational performance in successful and unsuccessful sports federations based. J Fac Phys Educ. 2015;6(3):398–381. ( in Persian)
  11. Najafizadeh MH, Zahed S. "Pathology of the Performance Management System in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences Using a three - branches Model. J Dev Manag. 2017;25:59–69. ( in Persian)
  12. Talebpour M, Shajie K, Kashtidar M, Alizaie O. Developing a Model to Measure Behavioral Problems in Coaches of Iran Football Premier League. New Trend Sport Manag. 2018;5(19):79–93. ( in Persian)
  13. Khabiri M, Elahi A. Comparison of Professional Football League clubs Islamic Republic of Iran by the standards of UEFA and the clubs of Japan, South Korea, UAE and Turkey. Res Sport Sci. 2006;8:15–34. ( in Persian)
  14. Alidousr E, Jalali Farahani M. Investigation and Analysis of Coaches Change in the Iranian Football League. Olympic J. 2010;51:47–58. ( in Persian)
  15. Naderi nasab M, Ehsani M, Khabiri M, Amiri M, Gharekhaani H. A Survey of Iran Football Situation and Determination of Iran Football Strategic Position. Journal of Sport Management. 2011;9:5–27. ( in Persian)
  16. Hosseini SA, Hosin Razavi SM, Yamini Firouz M, Hashemi Kochaksarai M. The study of Iran’s Premier League football based on professional standards AFC. Sport Management and Development. 2016;1(6):49–63. ( in Persian)
  17. Barros CP. Portuguese Football. 2015;7(1):96–104.
  18. Nevill AM. A multidisciplinary approach to talent identification in soccer. 2015;(February).
  19. Tena JDD, Forrest D. Within-season dismissal of football coaches : Statistical analysis of causes and consequences. 2007;181:362–73.
  20. Ferkins L, Shilbury D. Developing board strategic capability in sport organisations : The national – regional governing relationship. Sport Manag Rev [Internet]. 2010;13(3):235–54. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2010.01.009
  21. Morrow S. Scottish Football : It ’ s a Funny Old Business. 2014;(February 2006).
  22. Dostdari S, Ashraf Gangui F, Soheyli B. Investigation problems of Football Talent Identification. J Sport Manag. 2016;7(4):621–35. ( in Persian)
  23. Jalilvand J, sharifian E. Information and communication technology and information management systems and its applications in sport. In: The 2nd National Conference on New Achievements in Sport. 2017. ( in Persian)
  24. Afzalpour ME, Khodadad A, Gharakhanlu R. The Essence of Using Foreign coaches from the Experts’ Point of View. Olympic J. 2005;12(3):51–71. ( in Persian)
  25. Dostdari S, Ashraf Ganjui F, Sajjadi H. Develop talent identification parameters for football. Sport Manag Stud. 2106;8(35):17–32. ( in Persian)
  26. Darvishi A, Dousti M, Kalateh seyfari M. Identification of obstacles and development factors of selected soccer clubs in Mazandaran province. 2015. ( in Persian)
  27. Ramezani Nejad R, Sahebkaran MA, Aghaie I, Ardameh M, Akbar M. Factor Analysis of Performance Indicators of Performance of Female Women’s Coaches in the Premier League of Iran’s Volleyball. Organ Behav Manag Stud Sport. 2015;1(2):11–24. ( in Persian)