تأثیر تمرین مقاومتی به‌همراه محدودیت جریان خون بر میزان IL-15و فولیستاتین سرمی مردان جوان ورزشکار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکدة ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ولی‌عصر (عج)، رفسنجان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمان، ایران.

چکیده

روش‌های ایمن و مؤثر برای افزایش حجم عضلانی و بهبود عملکرد ورزشی همواره موردنظر محققان بوده است. محققان شیوه‌ای از تمرینات را معرفی کرده‌اند که در آن، تمرینات مقاومتی همراه با محدودیت جریان خون انجام می‌گیرد. این روش از طریق ایجاد استرس متابولیک، تأثیر محرک تمرینی را بیشتر می‌کند. مایوکاین IL-15 و پروتئین فولیستاتین به عنوان عوامل رشدی و مرتبط با تودة عضلانی شناخته شده‌اند. بنابراین هدف تحقیق، بررسی تأثیر تمرین مقاومتی با محدودیت جریان خون بر میزان IL-15 و فولیستاتین سرمی مردان جوان رزمی‌کار بود. جامعة آماری شامل مردان جوان رزمی‌کار باشگاه‌های شهر کرمان بود که براساس نمونة در دسترس، 20 داوطلب (میانگین سنی 3/2±25 سال، قد 1/5±176 سانتی‌متر و وزن 8/7±2/77 کیلوگرم) از آنها انتخاب شد و به‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تقسیم شدند. گروه‌های تحقیق شامل دو گروه تمرین مقاومتی با محدودیت جریان خون (10 نفر) و تمرین مقاومتی بدون محدودیت جریان خون (10 نفر) بودند. آزمودنی‌های تحقیق به مدت 4 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه برنامة تمرین مقاومتی با و بدون محدودیت جریان خون را انجام دادند. شدت تمرین در گروه با محدودیت جریان خون برابر 30% و در گروه بدون محدودیت جریان خون برابر 70% یک تکرار بیشینه بود. برای ایجاد محدودیت جریان خون از کاف فشار استفاده شد. در دو مرحلة پیش و پس‌آزمون، غلظت سرمی فولیستاتین و IL-15 به روش الایزا اندازه‌گیری شد. طبیعی بودن توزیع داده‌ها و تجانس واریانس‌ها به‌ترتیب با استفاده از آزمون‌های شاپیرو-ویلک و لون انجام گرفت. به‌منظور تعیین معناداری تفاوت بین متغیرهای تحقیق از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس یک‌طرفه در سطح معنا‌داری 05/0 P=استفاده شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان داد که میزان IL-15 و فولیستاتین در گروه تمرین با محدودیت جریان خون نسبت به گروه تمرین بدون محدودیت جریان خون، افزایش معنا‌داری دارد (به‌ترتیب 001/0P= و 001/0P=). با توجه به این یافته‌ها می‌توان گفت که تمرین مقاومتی با محدودیت جریان خون نسبت به تمرین بدون محدودیت جریان خون، عامل مؤثری در افزایش عوامل هایپرتروفیک (IL-15 و فولیستاتین) است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of resistance training with BFR on serum IL-15 and folestatin in young male athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolreza Kazemi 1
  • Behroz Vakilzadeh 2
1 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Literature & Humanities, Vali-E-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Iran
2 MSc, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Islamic Azad University, kerman , Iran
چکیده [English]

Safe and effective methods for increasing muscle mass and improving exercise performance have always been sought by researchers. Researchers have introduced a method of exercise training in which resistance exercises are performed with blood flow restriction. This method increases the effect of exercise stimulus through the creation of metabolic stress. IL-15 and Folestatin are known to be growth factors and related to muscle mass. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resistance training with blood flow restriction on the serum levels of IL-15 and Folestatin in young combat men. The research groups consisted of two groups: resistance training with blood flow restriction (10 subjects) and resistance training without blood flow restriction (10 subjects). The subjects completed a four-week resistance training program with or without blood flow restriction. Blood pressure cuff was used to create a blood flow restriction. In both pre and posttest phases, serum levels of Folestatin and IL-15 were measured by ELISA method. To determine the significance of the difference between the variables, one-way covariance analysis was used at the significance level of 0/05. The results showed that IL-15 and Folestatin levels increased significantly in the exercise group with blood flow restriction compared to the exercise group without blood flow restriction (P = 0.001, P = 0.001, respectively). According to these findings, it can be concluded that resistance training with blood flow restriction compared to exercise without blood flow restriction is an effective factor in increasing hypertrophic factors and also improving muscle performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • IL-15
  • Folestatin
  • resistance training
  • BFR
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