تأثیر یک دوره تمرینات عملکردی بر شاخص‌های مهارتی و جسمانی در دختران نوجوان والیبالیست

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی دانشکدة علوم تربیتی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی دانشکدة علوم تربیتی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی دانشکدة علوم تربیتی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز،ایران

چکیده

امروزه تمرینات عملکردی به‌عنوان روش تمرینی جدید برای ارتقای عملکرد ورزشکاران از جمله بازیکنان والیبال استفاده می‌شود. بنابراین، هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر یک دوره تمرین عملکردی بر شاخص‌های مهارتی و جسمانی در دختران نوجوان والیبالیست بود. بدین‌منظور، از بین دختران والیبالیست 12تا 14 سالة منتخب شهر زرقان، 23 نفر به‌طور داوطلبانه و هدفمند انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه کنترل (10=n، 66/0±13 سال، 06/6±10/160 سانتی‌متر،2/11±25/56 کیلوگرم) و تجربی (13=n، 66/0±53/13، 8/6±46/163 سانتی‌متر و 07/10±32/59 کیلوگرم) تقسیم شدند. تمرینات با توجه به الگوی رشتة والیبال به مدت 4 هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه به مدت 2 ساعت با شدت پیشرونده انجام گرفت. متغیرهای وابستة پژوهش به صورت میدانی پیش از تمرینات و 24 ساعت پس از آخرین جلسة تمرینی اندازه‌گیری شدند. نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس گروه تمرین در مقایسه با گروه کنترل، نشان از بهبود معنا‌دار 41/16و93/4 درصدی به‌ترتیب در زمان اجرای آزمون تکرار تلاش و ارتفاع پرش در این آزمون (05/≥P)، کاهش معنا‌دار 61/20 درصدی زمان چابکی حرفه‌ای (05/≥P)، افزایش معنا‌دار 05/7 درصدی پرش ارتفاع و بهبود حس عمقی پای راست (40/90 درصدی) و پای چپ (04/93 درصدی) پس از یک ماه تمرین عملکردی داشت (05/≥P). به‌طور کلی با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر، به‌نظر می‌رسد یک ماه تمرین عملکردی می‌تواند نقش بارزی در بهبود عوامل مهارتی و جسمانی دختران نوجوان والیبالیست داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of a period of functional training on skill and physical characteristics in adolescent female volleyball players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javad Nemati 1
  • Afsane Omidvari 2
  • Mohammad Hemmatinafar 1
  • Freshteh Eftehkary 1
  • Tahereh Taherizadeh 3
1 , Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Physiology, School of Education and Psychology, University of shiraz, shiraz, Iran
2 M.Sc. Student of Sport Physiology, School of Education and Psychology, University of shiraz, shiraz, Iran
3 M.Sc. Student of Sport Physiology, School of Education and Psychology, University of shiraz, shiraz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, functional training is used as a novel method for athletes, especially volleyball players. As a result, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a period of functional training on skills and physical fitness of teenage female volleyball players. To do this, twenty-three 12-14-year-old girls were voluntarily selected to participate in the study. The participants were divided into two control (n = 10) (13 ± 0.66, 160/10±6/06cm, 56/25±11/2kg) and experimental groups (n = 13) (13/53 ± 0.66, 163/46±6/8cm and 59/32 ± 10/07kg). The exercises were done in this order: four weeks, three sessions, two hours progressively. The variables included  RET test, a specialized test of volleyball, professional agility, run-up jump, and proprioception, measured according to the determined protocol before the exercises and after the final training session .The results of co-variance analysis for exercise group (in comparison with the control group) indicated the significant improvement of RET (16.41% and 4.93%) (P≤0/05), significant decrease of professional agility (20.61%) (P≤0/05), significant increase of high jump (7.05%) and proprioception (90.40% in the right leg and 93.04% in the left leg) (P≤0/05) after a month of functional exercises. Overall, the current study revealed that doing functional training for a month can be a vital factor in improving skill and physical fitness in teenage female volleyball players.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • RET
  • Functional Training
  • Proprioception
  • volleyball
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