نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد بناب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بناب، ایران
2 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد بناب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بناب، ایران
3 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The menopausal process is associated with obesity and a significant increase in the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk due to hormonal changes. Nevertheless, it has been shown that exercise training is a practical strategy for the prevention and treatment of obesity and its cardiometabolic disorders, which can reduce the CVD risk factors. Hence, this study was conducted to compare and evaluate the effects of twelve week of concurrent and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the atherogenic, insulin resistance and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) indices in obese menopausal women. For this purpose, in a semi-experimental design 45 menopause obese women randomly assigned into three groups of HIIT, concurrent endurance and strength training and control groups. Training programs were done twelve week 3 times per week. Body composition indices and fasting blood samples of all subjects were measured at the pre-post of training. The results of this study showed that both type of exercise training methods significantly improved the body composition indices (weight, body fat percent, body mass index, waist to hip ratio), lipid profile and atherogenic index, insulin resistance and serumic concentration of the MCP-1 (p<0.05). However, there were no significant difference between two exercise training methods (p>0.05). Moreover, these biomarkers unchanged in the control group (p>0.05). Therefore it can be recommend these exercises training, independent of the specific training method, to moderate the CVD risk factors in postmenopausal women.