عنوان مقاله [English]
Physical activity plays an important role in preventing, delayingand treating problems associated with aging and improving life quality. The aim of the present study was to measure the antioxidant and immunological defense system parameters in order to identify the effect of aerobic exercise. 12 male athletes (age 51.7±4.95 yr, weight 67.5±4.51 kg and BMI 23.93±0.92 kg/m2) and 12 non- athlete men (age 52.91±3.28yr, weight 72.35±5.12 kg and BMI 25.58±0.89kg/m2) were selected by random purposive sampling method. A modified 20m Shuttle Runexperiment was used for exhaustive physical activity. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD) andsalivary immunoglobulin A wasmeasured before, immediately after and one hour after maximal aerobic exercise. The results showed that the activity of antioxidant enzymes significantly increased immediately after and also one hour after the exercise in both groupscompared with their value before the exercise. On the other hand, no significant differences were observed in the amount of immunoglobulin A before and after the exercise in both groups. During recovery, the activity of SOD and CAT enzymes showed a significant increase in the athlete group compared with the non-athlete group. It seems that a regular physical activity in athletes can induce efficient adaptation and increase antioxidant defense system power against oxidative stress.
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