اثر یک جلسه تمرین مقاومتی برونگرا بر ویسکوزیته پلاسما، نیم‌رخ چربی و لیپوپروتئین پلاسمای دانشجویان پسر غیرفعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، اداره آموزش و پرورش، آمل، ایران

چکیده

تاثیر تمرین مقاومتی صرفا با انقباضات برونگرا با پیامد آسیب و التهاب عضلانی بر ویسکوزیته پلاسما کاملاً روشن نیست.  هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر یک جلسه تمرین مقاومتی برونگرا بر ویسکوزیته پلاسما، نیمرخ چربی و لیپوپروتئین پلاسمای دانشجویان پسر غیرفعال بود. تعداد 12 دانشجوی داوطلب غیرفعال به طور تصادفی انتخاب و به دو گروه تجربی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی تمرین بازگشت کنترل شده (اکستنشن) از حرکت فلکشن آرنج را که دربردارنده یک انقباض برونگراست، اجرا کردند.­ زمانهای خونگیری به منظور اندازه گیری عوامل انعقادی شامل ­30 دقیقه پیش، بلافاصله، 2­و24ساعت پس از آزمون بود.اگرچه مقادیر لیپوپروتئین پرچگالی، لیپوپروتئین کم چگالی، تری­گلیسرید و کلسترول ­تام تغییرات معناداری نیافت؛ اما، ویسکوزیته پلاسما  افزایش معنی‌داری در پاسخ به تمرین و کاهش معناداری در دوره ریکاوری یافت شد(047/0 = p)؛مقادیرحجم پلاسماکاهش معنی‌داری در پاسخ به تمرین و افزایش معناداری در دوره ریکاوری داشت(007/0 = p). اگرچه نتایج نامناسبی (کاهش حجم پلاسما و افزایش چسبندگی پلاسما) در اثر تمرین مقاومتی حاد و شدید برونگرا یافت شد، اما طی 2 الی 24 ساعت دوره ریکاوری، تغییرات کاملاً برعکس شده و ویسکوزیته پلاسما، در اثر افزایش حجم پلاسما به سطحی بالاتر از سطح اولیه، به زیر مقادیر پایه بازگشت کرد. به عبارت دیگر پاسخ بدن برای مقابله با اثر حاد تمرینیک حالت فراجبرانی بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of One Session of Eccentric Resistance Exercise on Plasma Viscosity, Lipid Profile andPlasma Lipoprotein in Inactive Male Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sayyed Morteza Tayebi 1
  • Alireza Ghanbari 2
1 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology,Researcher in Physiology, Health and Physical Activity, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, AllamehTabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc of Exercise Physiology, Education Office, Amol, Iran
چکیده [English]

The effect of resistance training merely with eccentric contractions which are the result of muscle damage and inflammation on plasma viscosity is not entirely clear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of one session of eccentric resistance exercise on plasma viscosity, lipid profile and plasmalipoprotein of inactive male students.12 male inactive students volunteered to participate in this study who were randomly selected and divided into experimental and control groups. Experimental group performed a controlled return exercise(extension) from elbow flexion movementwhich included an eccentric contraction. Blood samples werecollected 30 min. before, immediately, 2 and 24 hours after the exercise to measure coagulation factors. Although high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, triglycerides and total cholesterol didnot change significantly, plasma viscosity significantly increased in response to the exercise and significantly decreased during recovery (P=0.047).The plasma volume significantly decreased in response to the exercise and significantly increased during recovery (P=0.007). Although inappropriate results (decreased plasma volume and increased plasma viscosity) were observed because of acute eccentric resistance exercise, the alterations were totally reversed after 2-24 hours of recovery and the plasma viscosity returned under the baseline as the plasma volume elevated to the level above the baseline. In other words, there was a supercompensation body response against the acute effect ofthe exercise.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • plasma volume
  • plasma viscosity
  • eccentric exercise
  • resistance exercise
  • super compensation
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