عنوان مقاله [English]
“Glass ceiling” phenomenon prevents many women from advancing towards top posts and managerial positions. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the status of glass ceiling in East Azerbaijan Sport and Youth general office and its effect on employed women’s reduced empowerment. All the personnel in this office and its affiliated offices in the cities of East Azerbaijan province responded to the glass ceiling questionnaire. To analyze data, Kolmogrov-Smirnov test, independent sample t test and path analysis were used with SPSS19 and Lisrel 8 (P≤0.05). Results showed a significant difference between men and women in their viewpoints on the existence of glass ceiling in this office and sociability of weakness, that is to say women believed in existence of glass ceiling more than men and on the contrary, men believed in sociability of weakness more than women. Results from path analysis showed that glass ceiling directly influenced empowerment, weakness sociability, and self-concept. Furthermore, weakness sociability and self-concept had a negative and significant effect on empowerment. Finally, women employed in sport organizations suffered from glass ceiling. It is suggested to pay more attention to cultural actions about women’s abilities specially their managerial abilities.
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