بررسی ارتباط بین ابعاد شخصیت و تحلیل رفتگی شغلی معلمان تربیت بدنی شهر سنندج

نویسندگان

1 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه ، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی ، دانشگاه ارومیه ، ارومیه ، ایران

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی ارتباط بین ابعاد شخصیت و تحلیل رفتگی شغلی معلمان تربیت بدنی شهر سنندج می‌باشد. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه معلمان تربیت بدنی زن و مرد شهر سنندج  به تعداد 180 می‌باشد. حجم نمونه برابر با کل جامعه آماری است. پژوهش از نوع همبستگی بوده، که به شیوه میدانی انجام گرفته است. جهتگردآوریاطلاعاتپژوهش،از2پرسشنامة رواوپایا(تحلیل رفتگی شغلی مسلاچ با پایایی81/0 α=و ابعاد شخصیت گلدبرگبا پایایی 85/0α=) وهمچنین پرسشنامه مشخصات‌ فردیاستفادهشد. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها در بخش آمار توصیفی از روش‌های تعیین میانگین، انحراف استاندارد، فراوانی و ترسیم جداول و در بخش آمار استنباطی از آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، آزمون t مستقل و آزمون تحلیل رگرسیون استفاده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که بین ابعاد برونگرایی، گشودگی به تجربه، وظیفه‌شناسی و همسازی با مولفه‌های تحیل رفتگی شغلی ( فرسودگی هیجانی، مسخ شخصیت و فقدان موفقیت فردی) ارتباط منفی و معناداری وجود دارد. بین نوروزگرایی با مولفه‌های تحلیل رفتگی شغلی ( فرسودگی هیجانی، مسخ شخصیت و فقدان موفقیت فردی) ارتباط مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد. بین معلمان مرد و زن از لحاظ متغیرهای پژوهش تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد. از میان ابعاد پنج گانه شخصیت وظیفه‌شناسی، همسازی و برونگرایی قادر به پیش بینی تحلیل رفتگی شغلی هستند. بطور کلی این نتیجه حاصل شد که ابعادمختلفشخصیتبرمیزانتحلیلرفتگیشغلیدرمعلمانمؤثراست؛بنابراینباسنجشویژگی‌هایشخصیتی معلمان دربدواستخدام،می‌توانمیزانتحلیلرفتگیشغلیآنانراپیشبینینمود.لذا پیشنهاد می شود که به منظور نیل به بهره وری بیشتر در سازمان آموزش و پرورش ، توجه خاص مسئولان و مدیران ذیربط به فاکتورهای موثری مانند عوامل شخصیت، از طریق دانش افزایی برای ارتقاء این عوامل اثرگذار در جهت کاهش معضل تحیلی رفتگی شغلی اقدام اساسی بعمل آید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of the Relationship between Personality Dimensions and Job Burnout of Physical Education Teachers in Sanandaj City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mir Hasan Seyyed Ameri 1
  • Sheida Saeeidi 2
1 Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 MSc of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between personality dimensions and job burnout among physical education teachers in Sanandaj city. The statistical population included 180 male and female physical education teachers in Sanandaj city and all of them were selected as the sample. The study was of correlation type conducted as a field. To collect the data, 2 valid and reliable questionnaires (Maslach’s Burnout Questionnaires (α=0.81) and Goldberg’s Personality Dimension Questionnaires (α=0.85) together with a personality trait questionnaire. For data analysis, descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency, and tables) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient, independent samples t test and regression analysis) were used. The findings showed a significant negative relationship between extraversion, openness to experience, consciousness and agreeableness and job burnout factors (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment). There was a significant positive relationship between neuroticism and job burnout factors (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and lack of personal success). There was no significant difference between male and female teachers in terms of the variables of this study. Among the five dimensions of personality, agreeableness and extraversion were able to predict job burnout. Overall, it was observed that different personality dimensions affected job burnout of teachers. Thus, personality traits of teachers can be assessed prior to their employment to predict their future job burnout. It is thus suggested that officials and managers should pay special attention to the effective factors such as personality to achieve more efficiency in Education Organization. Education and training should be elevated to enhance these effective factors and to reduce the problem of job burnout.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • extroversion
  • agreeableness
  • contentiousness
  • neuroticism
  • emotional exhaustion
  • depersonalization
  • loss of personal accomplishment

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