مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری ارتباط تنش کاری با عملکرد شغلی معلمان تربیت بدنی شهر مشهد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

4 دانشیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
این تحقیق با هدف مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری ارتباط تنش کاری با عملکرد شغلی معلمان تربیت ­بدنی شهر مشهد به انجام رسیده است. جامعۀ آماری، کلیۀ معلمان تربیت بدنی شاغل در مدارس شهر مشهد بودند که با به‌کارگیری جدول مورگان نمونه­ای برابر با 291 تعیین شد که به‌صورت تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری در این پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه­های عملکرد شغلی پاترسون (1993) و تنش کاری (HSE) (1998) بود. برای تعیین روایی صوری و محتوایی و حصول اطمینان از قابلیت اجرای پرسشنامه­ها از نظرهای اصلاحی استادان مدیریت ورزشی استفاده شد. با انجام یک مطالعۀ مقدماتی بر روی 30 نفر از معلمان تربیت بدنی پایایی پرسشنامه­های عملکرد شغلی و تنش کاری به‌ترتیب 84/0 و 79/0 به‌دست آمد. روش تحقیق توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی است که به‌صورت میدانی به اجرا درآمده است. تحلیل داده­های جمع‌آوری‌شده با کمک شاخص­های توصیفی و آزمون­های کولموگروف اسمیرنوف، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون به انجام رسید. یافته­ها حاکی از آن بود که بین تنش کاری با عملکرد شغلی رابطۀ منفی و معنا­داری (001/0P ، 545/0- =r) وجود دارد. بین متغیرهای عدم میزان تقاضا، عدم کنترل، عدم حمایت مسئولان، عدم حمایت همکاران، عدم ارتباطات، ابهام نقش و تغییرات سازمانی رابطۀ منفی و معناداری با عملکرد شغلی به‌دست آمد. نتایج نشان‌ داد که متغیرهای عدم تقاضا، عدم کنترل، عدم حمایت مسئولان و تغییرات سازمانی توان پیشگویی عملکرد شغلی را دارند. همچنین نتایج حاصل از تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که تنش کاری تأثیر معناداری بر عملکرد شغلی معلمان دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Structural Equation Modeling of the Relationship between Job Stress and Job Performance of Physical Trainers in Mashhad City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ayoub Eslami 1
  • Jafar Ganjkhanloo 2
  • Shahram Abdi 3
  • Mohammad Khabiri 4
1 MSc in Sport Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Sport Management, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Ph. D Student of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
4 Associate Professor in Sport Management of University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this study was to model the structural equation modeling of the relationship between job stress and job performance of physical trainers in Mashhad city. The population included all physical trainers at the schools of Mashhad city. According to Morgan Table, 291 subjects were randomly selected as the sample. Patterson's (1993) Job Performance Questionnaire and HSE (1998) Job Stress Questionnaire were used to collect data. In order to determine the face and content validity and to make sure about the applicability of the questionnaires, the sport management professors' recommendations were used. In a pilot study on 30 physical trainers, reliability for the Questionnaires of Job Performance and Job Stress was achieved as 0.84 and 0.79 respectively. The research was descriptive and correlation type, carried out as the field. The data were analyzed by descriptive indexes and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis. The findings revealed a negative and significant relationship between job stress and job performance (r= -0.545, P≤0.001). There was a negative and significant relationship between these variables (lack of demand, lack of control, lack of support of managers and colleagues, lack of communications, ambiguity of role and organizational reforms) and job performance. The results showed that the variables including lack of demand, lack of control, lack of support of managers and organizational reforms could predict job performance. Also, the results of path analysis showed that job stress had a significant effect on the trainers’ job performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Physical Education
  • Job Stress
  • job performance
  • School
  • Trainers

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