مقایسۀ دیدگاه معلمان تربیت بدنی و دانش‌آموزان دربارۀ رفتار حمایت اجتماعی و مؤلفه‌های آن و اثربخشی کلاس‌های تربیت بدنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 کارشناس‌ارشد تربیت بدنی عمومی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایرا

4 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
هدف تحقیق حاضر مقایسۀ دیدگاه معلمان تربیت بدنی و دانش‌آموزان دربارۀ رفتار حمایت اجتماعی و مؤلفه‌های آن و اثربخشی کلاس‌های تربیت بدنی و ارتباط بین آنها در مدارس شهرستان مراغه بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش کلیۀ معلمان تربیت بدنی و دانش‌آموزان مقطع متوسطۀ شهرستان مراغه بودند و نمونة آماری را 383 نفر از دانش‌آموزان پسر و 39 نفر از معلمان تربیت ‌بدنی پایۀ مقطع متوسطۀ شهرستان مراغه تشکیل می‌دادند که به روش تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از دو پرسشنامۀ رفتار بین‌فردی پلیتر و همکاران (2001) و پرسشنامۀ اثربخشی آموزش استیفن کو و کریستین باولی (2007) استفاده شد. یافته‌های تحقیق با استفاده از روش‌های آماری توصیفی و استنباطی تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که بین دیدگاه معلمان تربیت بدنی و دانش آموزان دربارۀ رفتار حمایت اجتماعی و مؤلفه‌های آن و اثربخشی کلاس‌های تربیت بدنی در دانش‌آموزان تربیت بدنی در مدارس شهرستان مراغه تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (05/0P≤). همچنین بین حمایت اجتماعی معلمان تربیت‌ بدنی و مؤلفه‌های آن با اثربخشی کلاس‌های تربیت ‌بدنی هم از دیدگاه معلمان و هم دانش‌آموزان همبستگی مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد. پیشنهاد می‌شود معلمان تربیت ‌بدنی رفتار‌های حمایت اجتماعی و مؤلفه‌های‌ آن را در بین دانش‌آموزان گسترش دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparison of the Viewpoints of Physical Education Teachers and Students on Social Support Behavior and Its Characteristics and the Effectiveness of Physical Education Classes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mikaeil Javan 1
  • Yagoub Badri Azarin 2
  • Salman Jafari 3
  • Bahram Akbari 4
1 Master of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Management, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
3 MSc of General Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
4 Ph.D. Student of Sport Management, Sports Management Department, PNU University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of the present study was to compare the viewpoints of physical education teachers and students on social support behavior and its characteristics and effectiveness of physical education classes and their relationship in schools of Maragheh city. The study population consisted of all physical education teachers and all high school students in Maragheh city and the statistical sample consisted of 383 male students and 39 physical education teachers of high schools in Maragheh city who were selected by simple random sampling method. Data were collected by the Pelletier Interpersonal Behavior (2001) Questionnaire and Stephen and Teacher   Effectiveness Questionnaire by Choo and Christine Bowley (2007). The data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that: 1- there was a significant difference between the viewpoints of physical education teachers and students on social support behavior and its characteristics and the effectiveness of physical education classes in high schools of Maragheh city (P≤0.05). 2- There was a significant and positive correlation between social support of physical education teachers and its characteristics effectiveness of physical education classes from the viewpoints of both teachers and students. It is recommended that physical education teachers should spread social support behavior and its characteristics.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Effectiveness
  • communication
  • Independence
  • Social Support
  • Student
  • Competency
  • Physical Education Teachers

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