عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to identify the antecedents of safety management of sports venues in sports events in Iran with a qualitative approach. The data collection method was in the form of in-depth interviews with 17 experienced experts including university professors and experimental experts in the field of safety and security management of sports events. The sampling method was non-random and purposeful, and the interviews proceeded until a theoretical saturation of the research questions and objectives was obtained. The information obtained through interviews was in the form of audio and text and their analysis was done through MAXQDA 18 software. The researcher has extracted the concepts after the open coding process of the interviews. Then, through axial coding, it categorized the enumerated concepts into different categories, and finally, through selective coding, designed a model consisting of antecedents and factors affecting the safety management of sports venues in sporting events. The findings of this study showed that the safety management of sports venues in sporting events is significantly affected by four factors: management, infrastructure, health and environment, and legal and ethical. Which themselves include 48 subcategories. By comparing the findings of this research and other studies, a model can be designed to look at the issue of safety management and security of sports venues in sporting events from different angles, taking into account the legal requirements and ethical rules and infrastructure design. Compliant with the standard and preparation of health and medical frameworks, sports events can be optimally managed.