تأثیر اولتراسوند بر شاخص‌های آسیب عضلانی و درک درد پس از کوفتگی عضلانی تأخیری متعاقب انقباضات برون‌گرا در دختران غیرورزشکار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز کرج، کرج، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این تحقیق، بررسی تأثیر اولتراسوند بر تغییرات آنزیم لاکتات دهیدروژناز (DHL)، کراتین کیناز(CK)، درک درد و قدرت بیشینه، ناشی از کوفتگی عضلانی تأخیری در دختران غیرورزشکار بود.این تحقیق بر روی 30 دانشجو دختر داوطلب غیرورزشکار (سن 61/1±95/20سال، وزن 58/7±68/55 کیلوگرم، قد 87/4±03/161 سانتی‌متر و شاخص تودۀ بدن 35/22 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع) که تا شش ماه پیش از آزمون سابقۀ کوفتگی عضلانی نداشتند، انجام گرفت. آزمودنی‌ها به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفره (تجربی و کنترل) جایگزین شدند. به‌منظور ایجاد کوفتگی عضلانی تأخیری، از آزمودنی‌ها خواسته شد با 80 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه، در سه ست 15 تکراری، عضلات همسترینگ خود را با دستگاه بدنسازی ویژه، تحت کشش قرار دهند. فاصلۀ استراحت بین ست‌ها یک دقیقه بود. لاکتات دهیدروژناز، کراتین کیناز، درک درد و قدرت حداکثر، در دو نوبت (پیش و 48ساعت پس از اتمام تمرین) بررسی شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها، از آزمون t مستقل و t وابسته در سطح معنا‌داری 05/0>P استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد آنزیم لاکتات دهیدروژناز (0/001=P )، شدت درد (0/007=P ) و قدرت بیشینۀ عضلات همسترینگ (0/001=P ) در گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل تفاوت معنا‌داری داشت. اما در میزان آنزیم کراتین کیناز در بین گروه­ها تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد. نتایج نشان داد اولتراسوند به‌عنوان یک روش درمانی مناسب، می‌تواند کوفتگی عضلانی تأخیری ناشی از انقباضات برون‌گرا را در دختران غیرورزشکار کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Ultrasound on Indices of Muscle Damage and the Perception of Pain after Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness following Eccentric Contractions in Non-Athlete Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Arji 1
  • Mohammad Reza Asad 2
  • Mohammad Ali Samavati Sharif 3
1 MSc in Exercise Physiology, University of Payame Noor, Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Payame Noor, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, School of Sports Sciences, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamadan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ultrasound on the changes in lactate dehydrogenase (DHL), creatine kinase (CK) enzymes, the perception of pain and maximum strength induced by delayed onset muscle soreness in non-athlete girls. 30 non-athlete female students (mean age: 20.95±1.61 years; weight: 55.68±7.58 kg; height: 161.03±4.87 cm and body mass index: 22.35 kg/m2) who had no history of muscular soreness for the last six months volunteered to participate in study. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups (each group 15 subjects): experimental and control. To produce delayed onset muscle soreness, the subjects were asked to stretch their hamstring muscles up to 80% of 1RM in 3 sets, 15 repetitions each set by a special bodybuilder device. One-minute rest was determined between each two sets. The lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, the perception of pain and maximum strength were examined in two steps (before the exercise and 48 hours after the completion of exercise). The dependent and independent t tests were used to analyze the data (P<0.05). The results showed that lactate dehydrogenase enzyme (P<0.001), pain intensity (P<0.007) and maximum strength of hamstring muscles (P<0.001) were significantly different in the experimental group compared with the control group. But, there was no significant difference in the level of creatine kinase enzyme between the two groups. The results showed that ultrasound as an appropriate therapeutic method could reduce delayed onset muscle soreness induced by eccentric contractions in non-athlete girls.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • eccentric contraction
  • Ultrasound
  • Creatine kinase
  • muscle soreness
  • lactate dehydrogenase

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