تأثیر یک جلسه تمرین پلایومتریک و قدرتی با وزنه بر شاخص های زیست شیمیایی، التهابی و عملکردی آزردگی عضلانی در دختران والیبالیست

نویسندگان

1 دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزشی مولکولی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دکترای بیولوژی، دانشکده علوم طبیعی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

با توجه به نگرانی‌ها و تناقضات مربوط به آزردگی عضلانی ناشی از تمرینات پلایومتریک،تحقیق حاضر به منظور مقایسه‌ی تاثیر یک جلسه تمرین پلایومتریک و قدرتی با وزنه بر برخی از شاخص­های آزردگی عضلانی تأخیری در دختران والیبالیست انجام شد. بنابراین، 14 دختر والیبالیست 28-17 ساله در قالب یک طرح نیمه تجربی دو گروهی با اندازه‌گیری مکرر به طور تصادفی در یک جلسه تمرین قدرتی با وزنه (شش دوره پرس پا و باز کردن زانو با 70% یک تکرار بیشینه) یا پلایومتریک (شش دوره پرش عمقی و جانبی با 70% ‌ارتفاع پرش بیشینه) تا سرحد واماندگی شرکت کردند. شاخص‌های مربوط به آزردگی عضلانی طی چهار مرحله (10 روز و 30 دقیقه قبل، بلافاصله و 48 ساعت پس از جلسه‌ی تمرین) اندازه‌گیری شد. داده‌ها به صورت میانگین و انحراف استاندارد با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس مکرر و پس‌آزمون بونفرونی در سطح معنی‌داری پنج درصد بررسی شد. احساس درد، تورم، کراتین‌کیناز، لاکتات‌دهیدروژناز و پروتئین واکنشگر-C سرمی در هر دو گروه متعاقب تمرین به طور معنی‌دار افزایش یافت و تا 48 ساعت بالاتر از مقادیر پایه بود(05/0P<). اما انعطاف‌پذیری، قدرت هم‌طول بیشینه و اوج توان عضلات پایین‌تنه در هر دو گروه به طور معنی‌دار کاهش یافت و تا 48 ساعت کمتر از مقادیر اولیه بود(05/0P<). با توجه به میزان بازگشت به حالت اولیه برخی از شاخص‌ها متعاقب تمرین پلایومتریک می‌توان به دختران والیبالیست توصیه کرد که بدون نگرانی از این نوع تمرین استفاده نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of a single-session plyometric and strength weight training on biochemical, inflammatory, and performance indices of muscle soreness in female volleyball players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Afshar Jafari 1
  • Zahra Abedi 2
  • Mohammad Ali Hossainpour Faizi 3
1 PhD in Molecular Exercise Physiology; University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 MSc in Exercise & Sport Physiology; University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 PhD in Biology; University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Based on conflicting results and concerns related to plyometric exercise- induced muscle soreness, the present study was conducted to compare the effect of a single-session plyometric and strength weight training on some indices of delay onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in female volleyball players. Therefore, in a quasi-experimental design, fourteen volleyball players (Female, aged 17-28 years) in two random homogeneous groups were participated in an exhaustive single-session strength weight training (6 sets leg press and Knee extension with 70% one repetition maximum) or plyometric training (6 sets deep and side jump with 70% Maximum high jump). All DOMS indices were determined in the four phases (10 days, 30 min before and immediately and 48 hours after exercise session). Data were expressed as mean (±SD) and analyzed by repeated measure ANOVA, Bonferroni and independent samples t tests at α≤0.05. Perceived soreness, thigh circumference, serum creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and C-reactive protein (CRP) increased after the exercises and were more than the basal values until 48 hours (P<0.05). But, flexibility, maximal isometric strength and peak power output of lower limb decreased and were less than the basal values until 48 hours (P<0.05). Based upon the recovery rate of some DOMS indices in plyometric group, it can recommend to female volleyball players to use this type training without concerns.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strength training
  • Plyometric
  • muscle soreness
  • C-reactive protein
  • Creatine kinase
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