تاثیر تعاملی امگا-3 و تمرین هوازی پیش‏رونده بر مقادیر اپلین و مقاومت انسولین زنان چاق

نویسندگان

1 فارغ التحصیل دکترای تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران

2 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف مطالعه تأثیر تعاملی امگا-3 و تمرین هوازی پیش‏رونده بر مقادیر اپلین و شاخص‏ مقاومت انسولین زنان چاق غیر فعال بود.60 نفر آزمودنی در چهار گروه 15 نفری (گروه تمرین هوازی، گروه تمرین هوازی همراه با مصرف امگا، گروه مصرف کننده امگا و گروه کنترل) تقسیم شدند. گروه تمرین هوازی و گروه تمرین هوازی همراه با مصرف امگا تمرینات هوازی پیش‏رونده را به مدت 12 هفته انجام دادند. تمرینات به صورت اینتروال از 6 تکرار 3 دقیقه‏ای شروع و تا 13 تکرار 3 دقیقه به اتمام رسید. زمان استراحت با توجه به وضعیت جسمانی آزمودنی‏ها بین 1 تا 2 دقیقه منظور شد و در 4 هفته آخر به 1 دقیقه استراحت رسید. گروه تمرین هوازی همراه با مصرف امگا و گروه مصرف کننده امگا، هر هفته 7 کپسول حاوی امگا-3 و گروه تمرین و کنترل نیز در همین مدت دارونما‏ مصرف کردند. نمونه‏ها‏ی خونی ناشتا قبل و بعد از مطالعه جمع آوری شد. نتایج آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک راهه نشان داد تأثیر تمرین هوازی پیش‏رونده و تأثیر مکمل امگا-3 بر کاهش مقادیر اپلین و شاخص‏ مقاومت انسولین در گروه های تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل معنادار است.تمرین هوازی فزاینده به همراه مصرف مکمل امگا-3 ممکن است با کاهش توده چربی و مهار تولید عوامل التهابی، منجر به کاهش بیشتر اپلین و شاخص‏ مقاومت انسولین در زنان چاق غیر فعال شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

he Interactional Effect of Omega-3 and Progressive Aerobic Training on the Level of Apelin and Insulin Resistance in Obese Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Farshidi 1
  • Abbas Ali Gaeini 2
1 PhD of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the interactional effect of omega-3 and progressive aerobic training on the levels of apelin and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in obese inactive women. 60 subjects were divided into four groups (each group 15 subjects): exercise, exercise-omega, omega and control. The exercise and exercise-omega groups performed progressive aerobic training for 12 weeks. The training started from six 3-minute repetitions and ended to thirteen 3-minute repetitions in intervals. A 1-2-minute rest was assigned based on subjects' physical condition and ended to 1 minute in the last 4 weeks. The exercise-omega and omega groups took 7 omega-3 capsules every week while exercise and control groups took placebo during the same period. Fasting blood samples were collected before and after the study. The results of one-way ANOVA analysis demonstrated the significant effect of progressive aerobic training and omega-3 supplementation on the decrease of (P≤0.05) apelin levels and HOMA-IR in experimental groups compared with the control group. Decreasing fat mass and inhibiting the production of inflammatory factors, progressive aerobic training combined with omega-3 supplementation may reduce more apelin and HOMA-IR in obese inactive women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • progressive aerobic training
  • omega-3 fatty acid
  • apelin
  • insulin resistance index
  • Obesity

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