تأثیر فعالیت ورزشی تناوبی شدید در آب و خشکی بر فاکتورهای آنتی‌اکسیدانی و التهابی در ورزشکاران مرد اسکواش

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)،اصفهان، ایرا

2 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان ایران

چکیده

 
هدف از تحقیق حاضر مقایسۀ تأثیر فعالیت ورزشی تناوبی شدید در آب و خشکی بر برخی از فاکتورهای آنتی‌اکسیدانی و التهابی در ورزشکاران مرد اسکواش بود. به این منظور 24 بازیکن اسکواش( سن 05/4±90/23سال، قد 40/6±46/176سانتی‌متر و وزن 35/7±80/74کیلوگرم) که دارای 3 سال عضویت باشگاهی و فعالیت مستمر ورزشی بودند، به‌صورت هدفمندانتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تمرین در آب (12 نفر) و تمرین در خشکی (12 نفر) تقسیم شدند. سپس برنامۀ تمرین تناوبی شدید (HIT) در آب و خشکی با شدت 80 تا 90 در صد ماکزیمم ضربان قلب در قالب 8 تمرین و در دو بخش 4 دقیقه‌ای و به مدت یک جلسه انجام گرفت. در هر دو گروه تمرین در آب و تمرین در خشکی نمونۀ خونی، قبل و بلافاصله پس از تمرین تناوبی شدید در آب و خشکی به‌منظور اندازه‌گیری سطوح اینترلوکین 6، پروتئین واکنشی C، اسید اوریک و بیلی‌روبین تام گرفته شد. برای محاسبۀ نتایج از آزمون t  همبسته و t دو نمونۀ مستقل استفاده شد. کلیۀ نتایج در سطح 05/0P در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که در مقایسۀ بین‌گروهی در مورد سطح سرمی اینتر لوکین6 (18/0=P)، بیلی‌روبین (15/0=P) و اسید اوریک (14/0=P) تفاوت معنا‌داری بین دو گروه تمرین در آب و تمرین در خشکی مشاهده نشد، اما در مورد پروتئین واکنش‌دهندۀ  C(02/0=P)تفاوت بین دو گروه معنادار بود. یافته‌ها نشان داد که یک جلسه تمرین HIT در آب به‌دلیل ویژگی‌های فیزیکی آب می‌تواند بر کاهش سطح  CRP در بازیکنان اسکواش مؤثر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) in Water and Land on Antioxidant and Inflammatory Factors in Male Squash Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • mehdi kiani 1
  • farzaneh taghian 2
1 MSc of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of HIIT in water and land on some antioxidant and inflammatory factors in male Squash players. 24 squash players (age: 23.90 ± 4.05, height: 176.46 ± 6.40 cm and weight: 74.80 ± 7.35 kg) who had 3 years of club membership and continuous sport activities were selected purposively and randomly divided into 2 groups: training in water (n=12) and training on land (n=12). HIIT was conducted in water and land with an intensity of 80-90% of maximum heart rate in 8 sets of training and in two 4-minute sessions for one session. In both water and land groups, blood samples were collected before and immediately after HIIT in water and land to measure levels of interleukin 6, reactive protein C, uric acid and total bilirubin. Two independent sample and dependent t tests were used to calculate the results. All results were considered at P≤0.05. The results showed no significant differences between the two groups in the serum level of interleukin 6 (P=0.18), bilirubin (P=0.15) and uric acid (P=0.14), but the difference between the two groups was significant in the case of C-reactive protein (P=0.02). The findings showed that one session of HIIT in water could influence reducing the level of CRP in squash players due to the physical properties of water.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Water and Land
  • Squash
  • Training
  • Inflammatory Factor
  • Antioxidant.  
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