اثر یک دوره آب‌درمانی بر میزان سروتونین سرم کودکان دارای اوتیسم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکدةعلوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

3 دکتری تخصصی، انستیتوی تحقیقات پرستاری و سلامتی ، دانشگاه آلستر ، انگلستان

4 دانشیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

چکیده

 
آب‌درمانی بر رفتارهای افراد دارای اوتیسم اثر مثبت دارد. همچنین براساس نتایج تحقیقات افراد دارای اوتیسم دچار نقص در سروتونین هستند. این پژوهش با هدف تأثیر یک دوره آب‌درمانی بر میزان سروتونین سرم کودکان دارای اوتیسم انجام گرفته است. این تحقیق از نوع نیمه‌تجربی و کاربردی است. در این پژوهش از طرح پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل استفاده شده است. تعداد 32 کودک دارای اوتیسم به‌عنوان نمونه با توجه به متغیرهای کنترل به شیوة تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل (16 نفر) و تجربی (16 نفر) قرار گرفتند. برنامۀ مداخلۀ آب‌درمانی با اصول هالی ویک به مدت 8 هفته و 3 جلسه در هفته و به مدت 60 دقیقه انجام گرفت. خون‌گیری به‌منظور اندازه‌گیری سطح سروتونین سرم قبل و بعد از 8 هفته مداخله انجام گرفت. براساس نتایج آزمون کوواریانس، بین میزان سروتونین در گروه کنترل و تجربی در پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون تفاوت معناداری وجود نداشت (05/0≤P) البته میزان کاهش سروتونین در گروه تجربی بیشتر از گروه کنترل دیده شد. با توجه به نتایج می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که آب‌درمانی موجب کاهش میزان سروتونین سرم خون در افراد دارای اوتیسم می‌شود، بدین‌معنا که با کاهش سطح سروتونین سرم میزان جذب سروتونین در بدن افزایش یافته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Hydrotherapy on Serum Serotonin in Autistic Children

نویسندگان [English]

  • hadi farahani 1
  • Alireza Elmieh 2
  • Sayyed Ali Samadi 3
  • Ramin Shabani 4
1 1. PhD Student, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran
2 Assistant Professor , Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran
3 Institute of Nursing and Health Research, Ulster University, N. Ireland
4 Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
Hydrotherapy has positive effects on the behavior of people with autism. Studies show people with autism have serotonin deficiency. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hydrotherapy on the serum serotonin level in children with autism spectrum disorders. In this semi-experimental and applied study, a pretest-posttest, control-group design was applied. Considering the control variables, 32 autistic children were randomly assigned to the control (n=16) and experimental (n=16) groups as the sample. The Halliwick hydrotherapy intervention continued for 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week for 60 minutes. Blood samples were collected to measure the serum serotonin level before and after 8 weeks of intervention. The results of covariance test indicated no significant difference in the serotonin level between the experimental and control groups in the pretest and posttest (P≥0.05). Also, serotonin reduced in the experimental group more than the control group. According to these results, it can be concluded that hydrotherapy reduces the serum serotonin level of children with autism. In other words, a reduction in serotonin level is associated with an increase in serotonin absorption of the body.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Hydrotherapy
  • autism
  • Serotonin
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