طراحی مدل معادلات ساختاری نقش عملکرد تیم ملی بر بروز مؤلفه‌های هویت ملی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 استادیار دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

 
ورزش در دنیای امروز به‌عنوان یکی از عناصر سازندۀ هویت، از جایگاه مهمی برخوردار است که توجه جامعه‌شناسان و مدیران ورزشی را به خود جلب کرده است. در این پژوهش با استفاده از پرسشنامۀ محقق‌ساخته، عملکرد کلی تیم ارزیابی و از طریق پرسشنامۀ هویت ملی باگدانو  (2011) و پرسشنامۀ محقق‌ساخته میزان تماشای مسابقات ورزشی، مدل عملکرد تیم ملی بر مؤلفه‌های هویت ملی دانشجویان سنجش شد. پس از تأیید روایی صوری و محتوایی پرسشنامه‌ها با استفاده از نظر استادان، پایایی پرسشنامه‌های عملکرد تیم ملی و هویت ملی با استفاده از روش آلفای کرونباخ به‌ترتیب 72/0 و 91/0 به‌‌دست آمد و تأیید شد. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش تمامی دانشجویان کشور بودند که 317 نفر از طریق روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای از بین دانشگاه‌های کشور به‌عنوان نمونۀ تحقیق انتخاب شدند. برای آزمون فرضیه‌های تحقیق از مدل معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد که نتایج حاکی از برازش مناسب مدل بود. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که عملکرد تیم ملی بر تمامی ابعاد هویت ملی (آگاهی شناختی، ارزیابی عمومی و ارزیابی شخصی، استقلال، مشارکت رفتاری و پیوند با خود) اثر دارد که در این بین عملکرد تیم ملی بیشترین تأثیر را بر عامل ارزیابی عمومی و کمترین تأثیر را بر عامل آگاهی شناختی گذاشته بود. بنابراین، ضروری است تا به مقولۀ عملکرد تیم‌های ملی به‌عنوان عامل مهم اثرگذار بر هویت ملی توجه ویژه‌ای صورت پذیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structural Equation Modeling of the Role of National Team Performance in University Students’ National Identity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Meysam al-Bakhati 1
  • Bahram Yoosefy 2
  • Keivan Shabanimoghadam 3
1 Ph.D. student of sports management, Razi University of Technology, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
In our world today, sport has attracted the attention of sociologists and sport managers as one of the key elements of identity. This study evaluated the overall performance of the team using a researcher-made questionnaire and assessed the national team's performance model on national identity components in university students by the National Identity Questionnaire of Bagdono (2011) and the researcher-made sport watching questionnaire. After the face and content validity of the questionnaires were confirmed using professors’ viewpoints, their reliabilities were obtained as 0.72 and 0.91 respectively using Cronbach's alpha method. The statistical population consisted of all Iranian students and 317 students were selected as the sample from universities of Iran through multistage cluster sampling method. Structural equation modeling was used to test the research hypotheses. The results indicated that the model had a good fit. Also, the results showed that the national team's performance affected all aspects of national identity (cognitive awareness, general and personal assessment, independence, behavioral participation and self-linkage). In the meantime, the national team's performance had the most effect on the general assessment and the lowest effect on the cognitive awareness. Therefore, it is necessary to pay special attention to the performance of national teams as an important factor influencing national identity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • University Students
  • Watching Competitions
  • performance
  • National Team
  • National Identity
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