نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی کاربردی، واحد شهر قدس،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد شهر قدس،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Premenstrual syndrome is one of the most common problems in women of childbearing age that affects one's functioning in the family and society. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise with salvia officinalis extract on the changes of premenstrual syndrome symptoms in inactive women.
This study was a field trial with 4 pre-test and post-test groups. 40 female students, aged 18-35 years, from Quds Azad University, who were identified through a premenstrual syndrome diagnostic questionnaire under the supervision of a physician, gynecologist, and met other inclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into four groups ( Exercise, Exercise + Salvia, Salvia, and Placebo were divided. Exercise groups performed aerobic exercises for 8 weeks and three sessions per week. Drug groups received a 500 mg capsule of sage extract or placebo daily from day 21 of menstruation to day 5 of the next menstrual cycle. Data were collected by PMS questionnaire and were analyzed by SPSS software (version 23) and one-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test (p≤0.05).
There was a significant decrease in mood symptoms in the three groups of exercise, Exercise + salty and salty compared to the placebo group, but no significant difference was observed between them. (P = 0.001). Exercise and saliva + exercise significantly decreased the physical symptoms of PMS (p <0.05). Also, improvement of behavioral symptoms of PMS was observed only in the Exercise + Exercise + group (p <0.05).
Aerobic exercise combined with salvia officinalis extract reduces symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, but salvia officinalis extract alone resulted in significant improvement in mood.