عنوان مقاله [English]
Physical activity has been recommended as one of the important factors preventing many diseases. But, various factors can affect the level of physical activity. Findings of some studies indicate a relationship between psychic characteristics and physical activity. But no study was found on the relationship between temperaments and physical activity which is evaluated in the present study. In this correlation – descriptive study, 109 students were selected by stratified random sampling method as the sample. A standard temperament questionnaire (Mojahedi et al., 2014) was used to identify temperaments and physical activity was assessed by Beck questionnaire which evaluated physical activity in three parts of sport, job and recreational activities. Statistical test of multivariate regression was used to examine score correlation. Significance level was set at P≤0.05. Findings showed that hotness and coldness temperaments indicated a direct and significant relationship with sport participation (P=0.019, t=2.375, β=0.231). But hotness and coldness were not related to recreational and job activities (recreational index: P=0.217, job index: P=0.868). Wetness and dryness temperaments were not significantly related to any aspects of physical activity (job index: P=0.886, sport index: P=0.936, recreational index: P=0.345). Probably, hotness temperament can be an effective factor to enhance sport participation. However, future studies are required for more clarification.
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